免费发布信息
当前位置:KvioFinance > 热点资讯 > 资料 >  Introduction to Block Chain

Introduction to Block Chain

发表时间:2019-03-18 21:54:57  来源:KvioFinance  浏览:次   【】【】【


Introduction to Block Chain

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO BLOCK CHAIN By Professional guru
  2. 2. 2 Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange Announces Blockchain e- Voting Service http://professional-guru.com/
  3. 3. 3 Everyone is talking about it…… “Gartner clients in industries beyond financial services are asking whether it is too late to join in the contagion of ‘blockchain fever’ that has struck the financial services sector” - Ray Valdes, Gartner. http://professional-guru.com/
  4. 4. 4 ….and Spending fortunes on it….. Banks will invest an estimated $400 million into the Blockchain technology by 2019, according to new estimates from financial services research firm Aite Group. JPMorgan, The London Stock Exchange Group, Wells Fargo, and State Street recently announced they joined a consortium with IBM, Intel, and Cisco and blockchain startup Hyperledger (now owned by Digital Assets Holdings) to develop blockchain technology. R3, a blockchain startup, partnered with 30 major banks like HSBC, Citi, and Bank of America earlier this year to build a blockchain system that would allow the banks to more easily transfer funds with one another. Among firms stating their organizations have some blockchain initiatives underway, 32% have an annual budget in excess of $5 million per year, and a further 15% have budgets in excess of $2 million. Projected across the entire financial services industry, that level of spending will likely top $1 billion in 2016 http://professional-guru.com/
  5. 5. WHY IS THE WORLD GOING CRAZY OVER BLOCKCHAIN? http://professional-guru.com/
  6. 6. BlockChain what?  No one knows who invented blockchain.  The idea for it came from a paper published online eight years ago  The author, Satoshi Nakamoto, is thought to be using a pseudonym. BLOCKCHAIN Is Like “The blockchain is a simple digital platform for recording and verifying transactions so that other people can’t erase them later -- and anyone can see them.” - GIZMODO http://professional-guru.com/
  7. 7. The Basics  A type of distributed ledger  comprises of unchangeable, digitally recorded data in packages called blocks.  These digitally recorded "blocks" of data is stored in a linear chain.  Each block in the chain contains transaction data  Is cryptographically hashed.  The blocks of hashed data draw upon the previous-block in the chain,  This ensures all data in the overall "blockchain" has not been tampered with and remains unchanged. The blockchain represents a "golden record" of transactions, a complete, historical record that technically cannot be interfered with or undone. http://professional-guru.com/
  8. 8. 8 Key Concepts Public Key: (a long, randomly-generated string of numbers) is a users’ address on the blockchain. Transactions (money sent from) get recorded as belonging to that address. Private Key: Gives its owner access to their digital assets. Store your data on the blockchain and it is incorruptible. Replication: Every node in a decentralized system has a copy of the blockchain. No centralized "official" copy exists and no user is "trusted" more than any other. Transactions are broadcast to the network using software applications. Mining nodes: They validate transactions, add them to the block they're creating and then broadcast the completed block to other nodes. Blockchains use various timestamping schemes, such as proof-of-work to serialize changes. Peers keep the highest scoring version of the database that they currently know of. Whenever a peer receives a higher scoring version (usually the old version with a single new block added) they extend or overwrite their own database and retransmit the improvement to their peers. Encryption Replication Integrity When miners try to compute a block, they pick all transactions that they want to be added in the block, plus one coinbase (generation) transaction to their address. For a block to be accepted by the network it needs to contain only valid transactions: inputs that are not yet spent, inputs that have the valid amount, signature that verifies ok and etc... Mining http://professional-guru.com/
  9. 9. 9 How does it work? Source: http://blockgeeks.com/ http://professional-guru.com/
  10. 10. 10 Public vs. Private Blockchains Permissionless Ledgers Also called unpermissioned ledgers, allow anyone to contribute data to the ledger with all participants possessing an identical copy of the ledger. Since there is no single owner of the ledger, this methodology is more suitable for censorship resistant applications (e.g. Bitcoin). Here the whole network, independent miners and practically everyone who is part of the network, is responsible for the integrity of the Blockchain. Permissioned Ledgers Sometimes called private blockchains, allow for distributed identical copies of a ledger, but only to a limited amount of trusted participants only. As the network may have an owner(s), this methodology is better suited for applications requiring simplicty, speed, and greater transparency. Classic example might be interbank transaction. PUBLIC BLOCKCHAIN PRIVATE BLOCKCHAIN http://professional-guru.com/
  11. 11. BLOCKCHAIN IN ACTION http://professional-guru.com/
  12. 12. 12 Banking the Blockchain Way You transfer a fund to your friend via check, you balance your own check book and your friend does the same when they deposit it. Instead of two separate check books with two records of debits and credits, you'd both look at the same ledger of transactions. It's encrypted, and decentralized, so neither of you controls the ledger. This "distributed ledger" operates on consensus. Both of you can look at the ledger. Each transaction gets put into a block. If you both say that block is valid and correct, it's added to a chain. And that chain is protected by sophisticated cryptography: No one can change the chain after the fact. NON BLOCKCHAIN WAY BLOCKCHAIN WAY http://professional-guru.com/
  13. 13. 13 Taking Stock of the Future: Trading and Beyond ? With Blockchain, all the entities will be looking at the same ledger since exactly when the order is placed, the transaction of the money being debited, the order being laced, the stocks being blocked etc, will all be broadcasted among the stakeholders. All the transaction that ever happened thus get added into the blockchain, doubling up as a global, immutable history of transactions. Right now, the customer, the bank, the brokerage, the stock exchange, and the company being bought all have separate, private ledgers of transactions. They can't see each other's ledgers. Nor can they verify that everything is accurate among all involved. Imagine buying a share…… Food for Thought: What happens if we extrapolate the idea to all trading, for example, real- estate? 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 http://professional-guru.com/
  14. 14. 14 Future of Security? Internal Security Transactions Systems Architecture: Centralized internal database Security Clearinghouses Architecture: Third party authentication Service Blockchain Architecture: Distributed ledger with cryptographic integrity YOUR APP YOUR APP YOUR APP TRADITIONALAPPROACHBLOCKCHAIN http://professional-guru.com/
  15. 15. The first generation of the digital revolution brought us the Internet of information. The second generation — powered by blockchain technology — is bringing us the Internet of value: a new platform to reshape the world of business and transform the old order of human affairs for the better. - Don Tapscott, world’s leading authority on innovation They Said it….. “I’m reasonably confident … that the blockchain will change a great deal of financial practice and exchange,” he said Tuesday from the Consensus 2016 event in midtown Manhattan, adding that his bet on the future of finance would see “40 years from now, blockchain and all that followed from it will figure more prominently in that story than will bitcoin.” - Larry Summers, US Former Treasury Secretary “Bitcoin gives us, for the first time, a way for one Internet user to transfer a unique piece of digital property to another Internet user, such that the transfer is guaranteed to be safe and secure, everyone knows that the transfer has taken place, and nobody can challenge the legitimacy of the transfer. The consequences of this breakthrough are hard to overstate.” - Marc Andreesen, inventor of the first browser, thought leader and top VC. http://professional-guru.com/

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1uUPhLIGFGmXEFlc6FAUzXw 
提取码:mg6g 

责任编辑:Professional Guru